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15 Oct

For sale offered sanctions lists of goods, issued in 1914, and the Master Plan of development of St. Petersburg of 1912

At the antique books auction on 18 October will be sold 2 unique lots: “The list of goods prohibited to be imported” brochure, 1914 edition, as part of a set of 23 books on the customs subject (Lot 193. Estimate 250,000‒270,000) and the “Problems of St. Petersburg Transformation” byFedor Yegorovich Enakiev (Lot 76. Estimate 35,000‒45,000).

The auction will be held in the House of Books, in the atrium of the House of Singer (28, Nevsky Prospekt, St. Petersburg). Auction starts at 14.00.
Currently the pre-sale exhibition works in the House of Books.

Lot № 193 – the set of 23 books on the customs – another Lot, wonderfully echoes with the contemporary events.
 
The set includes 23 official publication of the Ministry of Trade and Industry (from 1901 to 1914), containing mainly materials for the preparation of a new Trade Agreement with Germany.
Due to recent political events, particularly interesting is “The list of goods prohibited to be imported” brochure, edition of 1914. Exactly one hundred years ago, in the list of goods “under penalty” among others were included such items as “gunpowder and explosive mixture, military shells, cannons, mortars, bullets, bombs, wind-gun, as well as canes, sticks and chibouks with daggers and other concealed weapons”. "In addition, in the list of goods prohibited to be imported were playing cards – due to the fact that since the end of the XVIII century cards have become a very profitable source of replenishment of the treasury and state completely monopolized cards trade and production; Bengal matches (in view of a fire risk), “all sorts of goods and things, having the nature of disrespect to the sanctuary, blaspheny and sacrilege” (the reason is clear), American potatoes (due to Colorado potato beetles, raging in the United States in those years), “all sorts of pork production” (by epidemic reasons), as well as “food and beverage containing artificial sweeteners”(being hazardous for health).
In addition, the list includes “corks with the stamps of foreign trading houses, being brought separately from bottles” (it can be assumed that they were prohibited because of the particular pushfulness of some Russian wine merchants), as well as dishes with a double bottom, as there were cases of its use for smuggling alcohol.

Lot № 76 ‒ “Problems of St. Petersburg Transformation” ‒ an extremely rare edition, practically appear on the market.
 
In 1910 engineer Enakiev and architect L. N. Benois with the participation of M. M. Peretyakovich developed a grand plan for modernization of St. Petersburg. The project was well known, widely discussed and supported by both the Royal Family and the public.
Problems of the megalopolis, which the author emphasized in 1912, remain relevant today. Being embodied in the early XX century, these changes could make life of modern citizens of St. Petersburg more comfortable.
Among the proposed innovations, for example – creation the street – duplicate of Nevsky Prospekt, which had to cross Bol’shaya Konyushennaya street along the road of Swedish lane. “Inconveniences experienced while carriages and trams moving along the streets in areas located between the Fontanka River and Bolshaya Neva, and along Kamennoostrovsky avenue, indicate the need in the nearest future for driveways, parallel to existing arteries. The work of this kind should begin immediately, because the rapidity of movements within a large city – a powerful factor of its enrichment” – wrote Enakiev.
More than 100 years passed and “inconveniences experienced while moving” aggravated many times, and the “rapidity of movements within a large city” has become one of the major problems of the world's megacities.
Other measures to transform Petersburg: creation of “the second” Kamennoostrovsky avenue, transfer of barracks and hospitals on the outskirts, the enlargement of the port, creation in place of the New Admiralty “one of the most elegant and beautiful” city blocks of buildings – remain relevant and unresolved today.
Of particular interest is the development project of St. Petersburg underground. At the time of publication of the book, the underground was in operation in seven cities: London, Paris, Berlin, New York, Boston, Chicago and Philadelphia. According to the author, – “The Underground is a kind of patent for the recognition of the city world significance”. Despite the fact that underground development projects have been discussed since the end of the XIX century, a series of horrible historical events that attacked Russia in the first half of the XX century, led to the fact that this “patent” our city has received only in 1955 – almost 100 years later than London.
Enakiev in his book clearly shows the problems of the big city (transport and housing problems, population growth, location of industrial zones, health and landscaping, and so forth) and provides specific measures to solve them.
Also the author examines in detail the financial part of the proposed changes, reasonably noticing that “the beauty of the city – the creator of its prosperity and social peace ... The commercial value of the beauty is now formally recognized. All are aware that the city is beautiful, clean and well kept, and it's money in pockets of those who live in this city”.
There is no doubt that in the case of implementation of this plan, Fedor Enakiev would be destined to play in the history of St. Petersburg a role as significant as a role which belongs to Baron Haussmann in the history of Paris.
Relevant today remains the instruction of Aristotle, which the author addresses the city leaders, architects and artists: “to organize the city so that the citizens were happy and lived in security”.
The book has rich illustrations – many color maps, plans, and so forth, allowing to visualize the grandiosity of these changes.

In addition to these “topical” publications in the auction catalogue there are many most interesting antiquarian books.

Lot № 1 – Lomonosov, M. V. Russian Grammar.
One of the first grammars of Russian language, compiled by M. V. Lomonosov in 1755. Published edition of 1,200 copies. Estimate 100,000–110,000 rubles.
 
Lot № 40 – Ukhtomsky E. Journey to the East of His Imperial Highness the Inheritor Tsesarevitch: 1890-1891. In three volumes.
The publication is dedicated 300 days journey (from 23 October 1890 to 4 August 1891) of Grand Duke Nicholas Alexandrovich (the future Emperor Nicholas II) in Greece, Egypt, India, China, Japan and Siberia. Voyage was considered to be the final stage of education of the Inheritor of the Russian throne. At the same time it was an important diplomatic move on the part of the Emperor's-the father. The event was worthy commemorated in history, largely due to E. E Ukhtomsky, who was included in the escort of Nikolai Alexandrovich a few days before departure.
A complete set of volumes. Rarity. Estimate 230,000–250,000 rubles.

Lot № 194 ‒ Imperial Porcelain Factory 1744‒1904. Historical Sketch.
Deluxe anniversary edition, issued for the 160th anniversary of the Imperial Porcelain Factory, edited by Baron N. B. von Wolf, covers the history of the Factory from the birth of Russian porcelain production until the early years of the XX century. The book has a rich reference material, extracts from archival documents, and also includes an extensive illustrative material: phototypes in the text and heliogravures on separate sheets. Estimate 140,000‒160,000 rubles.
 
For the upcoming auction are exhibited 289 items in seven major sections: books on history, finance, law, art, belles-lettres, books for children and books in foreign languages. Range of starting prices is also big – from 500 rubles to 300,000 rubles.

Reference to PDF-catalogue with full list of lots
Information about the auction on the site of the Auction House of the Russian Federation

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